Climara is a patch used to replace the estrogen that the body stops producing around the time of the menopause.
Menopause ("change of life") is the cessation of menstruation, ie the time a woman has her last menstrual period; but the term menopause is used to define the years around that event when the body begins to produce less estrogen.
This dropping level of estrogen may cause symptoms in some women.
Climara can also be used in women who have had an operation to remove their ovaries as this causes instant menopause.
The symptoms of menopause are caused by a lack of estrogen. These symptoms include:
* hot flushes (night sweats)
* sleep disturbances
* vaginal dryness
* nervous irritability
* thinning of the bones (this can cause fractures)
Climara is an adhesive patch which delivers estradiol through the skin and into the blood stream.
The estradiol in Climara can replace the estrogen which the body is no longer making.
Climara releases estradiol in a continuous and controlled way just as your ovaries were doing before. Because the medicine does not have to pass through your stomach and liver, it allows you to take a much lower dose of estrogen than would be needed in a tablet.
The benefit of treatment with estrogen-containing preparations such as Climara has been proven scientifically. The use of estrogens alone and over a prolonged period can lead to excessive development of the lining of the womb and, in this connection, can increase the incidence of cancer of the womb. This risk can be avoided by the additional administration of a progestogen. The general result of this is regular shedding of the lining of the womb and, therefore, menstruation-like bleeding. If you have not had a hysterectomy (your uterus/womb removed) your doctor should give you a progestogen to take and you should discuss this with your doctor before using Climara.
Climara is not a contraceptive.